2-n-1 Multi-Budded Fruit Trees

February 14, 2018

 

In the market for a fruit tree or two, but working with a small space? Or maybe just looking for something unique?

How about these 2-n-1 Multi-Budded beauties crafted by Dave Wilson Nursery? Soon to arrive! 2-n-1 Apples, Apricots, Cherries, Peaches, Pears and Asian Pears!

Later this month we’ll be receiving a shipment as part of special promotion, provided to our customers at a hot price! Check in with your sales person for more specifics, and keep reading for a quick overview on pruning and maintenance.

What is a 2-n-1 Multi-Budded Fruit Tree?

Each tree is composed of a single rootstock grafted with two varieties selected for their staggered ripening times. This means that you get a longer harvest period and double the phenotypes in the space of just one tree.

Each tree has two varieties of the same type of fruit – i.e., apples and apples, apricots and apricots, cherries and cherries. Check the labels on each tree to discover the specific varieties we have available. Trees are sold in 12″ x 13″ pulp pots.

How does pruning a 2-n-1 differ from other fruit trees?

In conjunction with a standard pruning practice, you’ll need to pay attention to the different rates of growth playing out between the grafts. Though it’s not difficult to maintain, if left unchecked the more vigorous variety can take over. If the weaker variety gets seriously shaded out, you may risk losing it to the point of no return.

As the pruning artist that you are, your mission is to control the size of the most vigorous variety while making way for the least vigorous variety to thrive. This is especially important in the first few years while you scaffold the tree’s structure.

Ready to Plant?

When you’re ready to plant, look at the tree in hand and notice where it’s been grafted. Evaluate which graft has produced the most vigorous growth and which one has the least.

Give the least vigorous graft the advantage by facing it toward southern exposure. If you feel so inclined, cut it back by ½ to promote a new flush of growth.

Developing a balanced form is the ideal, so cut back the strongest variety to match the size of the weakest variety, up to 2/3.

What about Multi-Budded maintenance?

If you notice one variety starting to shade out the other, no need to hesitate – just cut it back as you see it, especially all that vegetative growth.

Spring is the time to check any vigor that is taking over. Cut back the vegetative growth as necessary. As is standard, pick off all the fruiting buds you find in the early years to let the tree channel its energy into structural development.

Summer is the time to prune for size control. Take off any growth that tops out over 6 or 7 feet – even fruiting wood. Pruning in summer puts your trees more at risk of sunburn. To prevent sunburn, just remember – do not open up the canopy too much at this time. Just cut the vigor down in size.

Late winter is the time to prune for detail. Open up the center of the tree’s canopy to make room for sunlight, air flow, and accessibility. For these 2-n-1 multi-buds, you’ll also want to pay special attention to opening up the center of each graft, making room for each variety to live up to its potential.

Pro-tips Aside

Pruning a tree is never fully finished. Maintenance is an ongoing work-in-progress, and you are the maestro

So get ready to plant this spring! 

2-n-1 Fruit Trees arriving soon.

Come and get ’em at our San Ramon and Petaluma locations.

Special thanks to Dave Wilson Nursery. Check out their website for great videos and in-depth information about fruit tree care.