Hardy Succulents for Frost-Prone Areas

Remember to plant with our E.B. Stone Cactus mix, and pick up a nice color copy of this list to give to your clients next time you’re at the nursery.

AGAVES: Agaves vary greatly in hardiness; some are true tropicals while others inhabit the snowy mountains of the American Southwest. Many of the best garden-worthy species come from the high mountains of Mexico.

  • Agave ‘Baccarat’ 0˚F
  • Agave americana 15-20˚F
  • Agave bracteosa 10-15˚F
  • Agave celsii var. albicans 20-25˚F
  • Agave colorata 20˚F
  • Agave deserti 5-10˚F
  • Agave filifera (including multifilifera, schidigera, x leopoldii) 15-20˚F
  • Agave franzosinii 15-20˚F
  • Agave gentryi ‘Jaws’ 5-10˚F
  • Agave havardiana -15˚F
  • Agave lophantha ‘Quadricolor’ 15-20˚F
  • Agave murpheyi 5˚F
  • Agave nickelsiae 10-15˚F
  • Agave ocahui 10-15˚F
  • Agave ovatifolia 10-15˚F
  • Agave parrasana 15-20˚F
  • Agave parryi 15˚F
  • Agave salmiana var. ferox 15-20˚F
  • Agave striata 0-10˚F
  • Agave victoriae-reginae 10-15˚F
  • Agave vilmoriniana 20-25˚F
  • Agave weberi 20˚F
  • Agave x ‘Blue Glow’ 20˚F
  • Agave x ‘Sharkskin’ 20-25˚F
  • x Mangave ‘Macho Mocha’ 10-15˚F

ALOES: All Aloes listed are able to take occasional temperatures down to 25˚F. However, sustained cold will most likely result in damage.

  • Aloe buhrii
  • Aloe castanea
  • Aloe distans
  • Aloe ferox
  • Aloe glauca
  • Aloe juvenna
  • Aloe maculata (A. saponaria)
  • Aloe marlothii
  • Aloe polyphylla (10-15˚F, does not like sustained heat over 90˚F)
  • Aloe striata
  • Aloe x nobilis

AIZOACEAE (and a few Senecios): All will take 20˚F, or lower

  • Delosperma ‘Fire Spinner’
  • Delosperma cooperi
  • Delosperma lavisiae
  • Delosperma nubigenum
  • Delosperma sutherlandii
  • Oscularia deltoides
  • Scopelogena verruculata
  • Senecio mandraliscae 20-25˚F
  • Senecio serpens 20-25˚F

CRASSULACEAE: Mostly small plants, the species and hybrids listed here will take temps down to 25˚F, or even lower. But, some of the larger foliaged Echeverias will suffer damage below 28˚F.

  • Cotyledon orbiculata var oblonga ‘Macrantha’
  • Crassula falcata
  • Crassula muscosa
  • Crassula sarcocaulis
  • Crassula tetragona
  • Dudleya brittonii
  • Dudleya hassei
  • Dudleya pulverulenta
  • Echeveria ‘Afterglow’
  • Echeveria ‘Imbricata’
  • Echeveria ‘Perle von Nurnberg’
  • Echeveria ‘Pulv-oliver’
  • Echeveria ‘Violet Queen’
  • Echeveria agavoides
  • Echeveria cante
  • Echeveria elegans
  • Echeveria secunda
  • Echeveria subrigida

ASSORTED WOODY PLANTS: All listed species can take temps 20˚F and below.

  • Calibanus hookeri
  • Dasylirion quadrangulatum (D. longissimum)
  • Dasylirion wheeleri
  • Hesperaloe parviflora
  • Hesperaloe funifera
  • Hesperaloe tenuifolia
  • Nolina microcarpa
  • Nolina nelsonii
  • Nolina texana
  • Yucca decipiens
  • Yucca elata
  • Yucca faxoniana (Y. carnerosana)
  • Yucca gloriosa
  • Yucca linearifolia
  • Yucca pallida
  • Yucca rostrata
  • Hesperoyucca whipplei